Middle East Muslim Brotherhood

in Muslim
It is believed that the Muslim Brotherhood is concealing its religious message for the moment, amid a popular Arab revolt, that is allegedly not driven by either politics or Islam.

The organization proclaimed its support for opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Mohamed ElBaradei, a secularist with Western democratic principles, as a transitional president, if the Mubarak government was put out of office.

A movement member, Esam Shosha, said "The revolution does not belong to any one group. We are one country. It's not just about the Brotherhood, at least not now; it's about all Egyptians."

Wahid Abdul Magid, an analyst at the Al Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Cairo said "They don't want to appear as if they're using this revolt to seize power. What they want is free and fair elections to allow them to take power transparently."

The Muslim Brotherhood is the world's most influential Islamist movement and the oldest and largest Islamic political group. Their goal however, is to also penetrate and take over other Muslim organizations in order to unite all Muslims to the general aims of the brotherhood.

The organization's beliefs are restrained in comparison with many of the world's more militant Muslim organizations. However, it rejects the idea that a Christian, or a woman could become president of a Muslim country and would move a country's laws toward harsher Islamic codes. It would certainly ban alcohol, besides topless beaches at the Egyptian resort of Sharm el Sheik. The organization also forbids dancing and other such pastimes.

Islamic scholar and Sufi schoolteacher, Hassan al-Banna, who believed in reclaiming Islam's manifest destiny, an empire reaching from Indonesia to Spain, formed the organization in 1928.

The organization's goal is to instill the Sunnah and Quarn as the 'sole reference point for ordering the life of the Muslim family, individual and community and state'. It generally opposes violence to achieve its aims, though division has been created within the group, through its stance on no violence.

The Muslim Brotherhood was banned in Egypt, with members being arrested, in spite of their membership being kept a secret. The Egyptian government accused the group of a campaign of killings in Egypt after World War II, as the organization strongly opposed Western colonialism. The brotherhood was involved in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and assisted in the overthrow of secular Ba'athist dictators in Syria.

Osama bin Laden, while studying at university, says he was influenced by the political and religious beliefs of numerous professors, who had strong ties to the Muslim Brotherhood. Al Qaeda has since condemned the brotherhood and accused them of 'betraying the cause of Islam and abandoning the 'jihad' in favour of forming political parties and supporting modern state institutions'.
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Middle East Muslim Brotherhood

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This article was published on 2011/02/10
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